Materials for natural dyes in Chinchero, Peru.
Cochineal - These are parasitic insects that live on the pads of the prickly pear cactus. The color red is extracted from them, up to twenty-four tints and hues. They do this by mixing the cochineal with other ingredients such as lime, salt, volcanic stones, and by regulating the amount of time wool is boiled in the dye
Chillca - The leaves from this bushy plant are used to obtain a range of greens. The process is the same as with the cochineal. To obtain the different tones of green they vary the time of boiling. For a darker tone the wool longer in the hot, colored water.
Ccollo -This flower is dried, ground, and used to obtain yellow colors. Again, the variety of tones depends on the time the wool is boiled with the flower.
Awaypili -The leaves of this plant are used to obtain purples. It is dried and the boiled with the wool.
Purple corn -The cob of purple corn is also used to obtain purples when it is boiled with the wool.
Quinsa K’ucho -These leaves, though green, produce beautiful blues.
Tara - This bush and looks very much like the tarwi plant. Its fruits are to obtain the color gray.